Tamang influences are also quite prominent on the Thamis. While the Gangais of Morang speak Maithili, the Gangais of Jhapa speak Rajbanshi. Political scientists Joshi and Rose broadly classify the Nepalese population into three major ethnic groups in terms of their origin: Indo-Nepalese, Tibeto-Nepalese, and i… Get the answers you need, now! Nepal is a multiethnic and multicultural country that has 104 ethnic groups and 92 languages. Rajbanshis live in the Nepal-India borderlands of the districts of Jhapa and Morang of east Nepal. I am not qualified as an expert, but these are my thoughts after spending nearly 30 years speaking to the elders of various communities in the country. Magar and his brother Chintoo are said to have disagreed with Magar settling in Seem. Though having Mongoloid features-they consider themselves as a branch of the Kirants-their language is akin to Bengali and Assamese. The Bankariya ethnic group is found in the villages of Handi Khola, Chourabesi, Sunkhola and the Chure Range of Makwanpur District. Farming is their specialization. Though likely to be compared with the Uraun farmers of Orissa and Bihar in India, many characteristics of the Nepalese Kisans’ ways of life, however, do not conform to them. There are more than 125 ethnic groups, 123 dialects spoken and several religious communities in Nepal. Cow dung is almost taboo. Nepal is a multiethnic and multicultural country that has 104 ethnic groups and 92 languages. The Nepalese have many racial, cultural, and linguistic similarities to the people of northern India. Following the unification of the Kingdom of Nepal Rais were given rights of kipat autonomy and ownership of land in the Majh (middle) Kirant. However, scholars are presently challenging this claim, of Rajbanshi Dhanuks also of being an indigenous group. Their preferred inhabitation is on riverbanks, inner valleys and tropical areas. There is no animosity and caste system among the Lepchas. The census of 1991 places their population at 4.9% of the national total. Instead of making their livelihood from agriculture, they prefer to forage for tubers for their food. Though they also work as indentured laborers, their main professions are farming and trade. Like the Kusundas, the Chepangs also shun farming and prefer to forage for tubers for their food. Tharus pervade all along the east-west lowland Terai belt as well as in the inner Terai valleys of Chitwan, Dang, Surkhet and Udaipur. The inhabitants of Shingsa are called Shingsabas or Karbhotes. These facts make the Magars as one of the most pervasive ethnic groups of Nepal. They play with mud and water during their major festivals. They are called Siyars because they live on the banks of the Siyar River. They relishpork and buffalo. At present, the Madhesh part of Nepal is in a chaotic situation. The Subtropical regions of Nepal, which at their lowest points are only 230 feet above sea level, also share the characteristic diversity of Nepal. Every year thousands of pilgrims come to visit Nepal. In fact, they consider themselves Thakalis. Their houses are scattered. They are found in Bajura and Darchula of the far western development region, and also in Humla, Dolpa, Surkhet and Mugu in the mid-Western region as well as in Mustang, Manag, Kaski and Tanahu of western region, and finally in the Himalayan heights of the middle regions and the east. The Kumals seek assistance from the Dhami and Jhankri shamans. Sunuwars live in the land between the Likhu and Khimti rivers and in the districts of Okhaldhunga, Ramechhap and Dolkha. Newars are considered a highly developed nation-state of many communities. Nepal is in the process of forming a federal state, where the map is likely to be drawn based on the ethnic composition of the provinces. They are said to wear Bakkhu and Docha, which are thick clothes suited for cold weather. Believed to be only about 400 even in the best of times, there are now only about five families huddled in sheds in the deep of jungles. The Newar, who have largely adopted Indo-Aryan and Hindu customs, retain significant influence in Nepal, especially in the Kathmandu valley. The Tharuspeople, one of Nepal's oldest ethnic groups, live in the dense forests and urban centers of the subtropical zone. The Magar are one of the oldest ethnic groups in Nepal. They have no definite history of their origin. They share physical characteristics and ways of life with the Tharus, Danuwars, Darais, Majhis and Botes. Their economic activities are similar to those of the Majhi community. They are Buddhists, and their script originates from Tibetan. Newars maintained their unique kingdom even during the various reigns of the Gopala, Kirat, Licchavi and Malla dynasties. They are Kamis (smiths), Damais (tailors), Dhibis (washerman) Sarkis (cobblers), Gaines (professional singers) and Khumbharas (porters). Hence they are considered an ethnic group. Their intellectual hierarchy had categorizations of royal priests, raconteur of history and other scholastic divisions of labor. Their language is more accentuated to the Tibeto-Burman family. They are close to Chepangs in religious practices and languages. The Darai language is imbued with Bhojpuri, Maithili, Magar and Gurung languages. Pages in category "Ethnic groups in Nepal" The following 67 pages are in this category, out of 67 total. The Mustang Raja Jigme Parbal belongs to the Lhopa people. They resemble Lhopas in facial features, language and clothes. But, even if they are plainspeople, Dhimals have the characteristic habit of exhibiting the quick temper and unwarranted aggressiveness of the Limbus of the eastern hills. The second dominant group consisted of Tibeto-Mongol origin communities, occupying the higher elevations from the east to the west. Their language, religion, culture and dress styles are in essence similar to Tibet region of China as are those of the Shingsaba in the near west, Walungs in the east and the neighboring Thudams. Except for the sizable population of those of Indian birth or ancestry concentrated in the Tarai bordering India, the varied ethnic groups had evolved into distinct patterns over time. Newars have their own language, called Nepal Bhasha, which belongs to the Tibeto-Burman family. In 2011, The Nepalese government mentioned that there are 123 mother tongues/languages. They are fond of music, and in this there is a trace of the Rajbanshi ethnos. Yet, after the establishment of a democratic system in 1990, grievances of underprivileged groups surfaced. They bury their dead. The indigenous Mugalis are from the Mugu Karan area of the Mugu District of Karnali Zone. They consider themselves of royal stock. They profess Buddhism, and alcohol accentuates their religious ceremonies. In Nepal, Bhutias are spread from Mahakali in the far west to the Kanchanjunga Range in the extreme east. They are renowned as a mercantile community. They are engaged in artistic craftsmanship different from the Rajbanshis. Nepal is a multi-ethnic country with a population of about 26 million people. Nepal is, in essence, a cultural mosaic comprising different caste and ethnic groups belonging to the Tibeto-Burman and Indo-Aryan linguistic families, which is indicative of the waves of migrations that have occurred for over 2000 years from the north and south respectively. Most are engaged in farming and some are in trade. They are locally known as Chumbas. In Lepcha society, alcohol is considered “clean”. Thudam, formerly in the district of Talpejung, is now incorporated in the district of Sankhuwasabha. The Shahs finally amalgamated the Newar nation state in their unification drives. Larkes are locally known as Nupribas. East Asian mixed people, as well as Indo-Aryans, live in the mountains and hilly regions of the country, while Tibetans inhabit the central and western part of Nepal. What are the different ethnic groups of Nepal? Over 100+ ethnic groups are home to this small landlocked country. Nepal Table of Contents Ethnic Groups. 25 Feb 2014 - codefornepal _“There are 125 caste/ethnic groups reported in the census 2011. According to the 2011 census, 81.3% of the Nepalese population was Hindu, 9.0% was Buddhist, 4.4% was Muslim, 3.0% was Kiratist (indigenous ethnic religion), 1.4% was Christian, 0.2% was Sikhs, 0.1% was Jains and 0.6% follow other religions or no religion. They were already descried as a powerful nation in historic inscriptions going as far back as the 3rd century, attesting to their ancient civilization. The villagers of Byas village to the north of Darchula and the foothills of the Byas Himal are called Byasis. Farming and animal husbandry are their major professions. The strongholds of Fris are the districts of Sindhupalchok, Kavrepalanchok, Makwanpur and Lalitpur. Tajpurias have their own religion. The Rai language, though it has no script, is rich in texture. The village headman is called Pombo. They gather wild asparagus and barter it for cereals in nearby villages. There are many cultural and religious heritages and sites in Nepal. Nepal is, in essence, a cultural mosaic comprising different caste and ethnic groups belonging to the Tibeto-Burman and Indo-Aryan linguistic families, which is indicative of the waves of migrations that have occurred for over 2000 years from the north and south respectively. In religious matters, Hayus are closer to Rais, but they do not perform Chandi Puja as Rais do. In general, Bhutias are those people who do not belong to any of the particular or distinct stocks of indigenous people of the Nepal Himalaya. Commerce and agriculture are their major occupations. But, in most of the country there are so many complex and crosscutting ethnic … It is under identify more than 45 ethnic groups in Nepal. Darai women have high place in their society. Additionally, they are also traditionally known as exporters of agro-produces, timber and incense to Tibet, Autonomous region of China. Lhosar is their major festival. They mostly reside in the hilly regions of the country. When persons of two different ethnic groups get married, it is also called intercaste marriage. They are Buddhist, and they maintain equal footing with the Tibet-influenced Nubriba community. Nepal's People and Ethnic Groups Nepal has a population of more than 26 million people, made up of over 40 different races and tribes. They are animist. Nepal's People and Ethnic Groups Nepal has a population of more than 26 million people, made up of over 40 different races and tribes. Their major occupation is trade. Their clan names are Hirachan, Lalchan, Juharchan and Pannachan. Scattered in the districts of Baglung and Myagdi, the Chhantyals have their own language quite akin to the Thakali. They have their own script, and their holy scripture is called Astachyo. The population ranking of 125 Nepali castes/ethnic groups as per the 2011 Nepal censusthe greatest ever Nepaleseis Deepak Lamsal. Although the Indo-Nepalese migrants were latecomers to Nepal compared to the migrants from the north, they have come to dominate the country not just in numbers but also in society, politics, and economy. They also build their houses in the styles of the Lhopas of Lho Manthang. In religious practices, they are close to the Magars. Dhanuks live in the districts of Saptari and Dhanusha, and are spread along southern belt of the Chure Range. Being farmers, they cultivate millet and live happily on the produce. There are many books written in the Limbu language. There are 12 Karan consisting of the 13 villages of Mugu, Dolphu, Maha, Chyute, Krimi, Mangri, Wongri, Katick and Daura and another village of Mugu where Mugalis live. Hyolmos also have close cultural and linguistic affinities with the inhabitants of the Kerung and Rongsyar areas of Tibet Autonomous Region of China. People in Nepal commonly welcome you Namaste as a traditional salute (means I salute the divine in you) which is wisely used in the most part of country. Siyars live in the northeastern parts of Gorkha District. However, the majority of the people living in Nepal are actually citizens, referred to as “Nepalese.” Nepal is a multiethnic and multicultural country that came into existence by occupying several small kingdoms such as Videha, Mustang, Limbuwan, and Madhesh. Dolpos live at the altitude of 13 – 14,000 feet, and they have 40 settlements in all. There are many Rai clans. They resemble Tibetans in most of their ways of living. Its music is similarly varied, with pop, religious, classical and folk music being popular. Their dance culture is equally rich and varied. The stronghold of the Thakalis is Thak Khola in Mustand District. They are closer to the Botes in civilization. Quite akin to the Tharus in numerous ways, the ancestral strongholds of the Danuwars are Banke and Bardia districts. Untouchables are ranked at the bottom. i)    The Indo Aryans or the Indo-Nepalese, ii)   The Tibeto Burmans or the Tibeto-Nepalese. They practice both Bon-po and Buddhism. The census of 1991 places the Tharus at 5.4% of the national total population of Nepal. They also have a staggering 14 dialects within their ethnic group. Duras live on hills of Dura Danda, Turlungkot and Kunchha Am Danda of Lamjung District. The first group, comprising those who live in temprate (middle hill and valley) zone. One of the most backward ethnic groups of Nepal, the Chepangs inhabit in the remote and sparse contours, outback and rolling precipices of the districts of Makwanpur, Chitwan, Gorkha and Dhading. According to the census of 1991, the present Magar population stands at 7.2% of the national total. They practice Buddhism. If a Shingsaba husband marries a second wife, he must leave the house. Lhosar is their major religious festival, and archery is their main cultural event of the year. The indigenous people found in and around the sacred Buddhist temple of Muktinath (the temple is popularly known as Chhume Gyatsa in the Tibetan speaking world) are also included among the Bahara Gaunles. According to linguists, the work sherpa means easterner, and this work comes from the Tibetan language. Those with Indo-Aryan ancestry, especially the Pahāṛī (including the Chhetree, the Brahman-Hill, and others), have enjoyed great prestige in Nepal for centuries. Mostly traders, Syangtans are also engaged in farming and horticulture. When the marriage took place between two different casts of the Indo Aryan race- it is called an intercaste marriage. They are considered the first native people of that part of Nepal. They do not drink milk of bovines. Because of their flat nose, plain face, wheatish complexion and rough curly hair, anthropologists have compared them to the Lepchas. This list may not reflect recent changes (). Various native ethnic groups inhabit scattered in many places of Nepal. They migrate to the lower hills during winter. Most of the Tibeto-Nepalese groups—the Tamang, Rai, Limbu, Bhutia (including the Sherpa), and Sunwar—live in the north and east, while the Magar and Gurung inhabit west-central Nepal. Nepal is a very diverse country in the world. Thintans are from among the larger Panch Gaunle or five-village confederation. Their dance is called Loknen. Your email address will not be published. The third set of ethnic groups, which includes the Newar and the Tharus, are believed to have settled Nepal before the Tibetan and Indo-Aryan migrations. It is felt that their religion and culture are influenced by the Tamangs. Such makeshift is called Rauti. Their population exceeds 1.3 million. Kusundas are probably the most endangered species of the aboriginal ethnic groups of Nepal They prefer to live separately and alienated from other people. The Kisans have their own king. Farming is the chief occupation of Duras. Their favorite meat is pork. Tharu. Many knowledgeable Majhi claim of Kipat ownership of riverbanks and the adjacent ghat-s. Marphalis are the inhabitants of Marpha situated between Tukuche and Kagbeni in the district of Mustang. Results have established the Maoist as the largest party and also revealed the strength of regional and ethnic political parties like Madhesi Janadhikar Forum (MJF). They both practice cremation and burial of their dead. The Thami language is similar to the language of the Sunuwars, which again conforms ot the Rai language originating in the Tibeto-Burman family. They are known as either Bhujel or Gharti in one place or the other. They are found in Banke and Bardia districts. Technically it is a marriage within the Tibeto Burma race but between two different ethnic groups. The anthropologists have not investigated the origin of these castes yet. They are Buddhists. They live in joint families. Gurungs are predominantly Buddhist. According to historians, Meches were nomadic until a few decades ago. Also called Souka, these Mongoloid animists call themselves Range. It is home to people of different national origin. Although these diverse groups of people have their own culture, religion, language, festival, rites, and rituals, there is unity among them. However, sociologists opine that they are more akin to the language and culture of the Magars with whom they also share similar physical resemblance. Rais speak many dialects of the Tibeto-Burman family. They are one of the Panch Gaunle confederations, and resemble the Thakalis in every conceivable way. Their 12th century scripts are found in the caves. Personally, I believe they are variant Dialects of the Tibeto-Burman language. Chhetri is the largest caste/ethnic groups having 16.6% (4,398,053) of the total population followed by Brahman-Hill (12.2% ; … The Nepalese Chhetri are the major ethnic group in Nepal. The Dravidian Jhangads are a backward and minority group. The Gurung history is ancient. In religious matters, Danuwars are much colser to the Tharu and Dhimal ethnic groups. The Majhis dance for three days in the memory of their recent dead. About 23 million Nepalese are made of 69 different cultural and linguistic group also known as ethnic groups living in different, regions of the country. At present, the Madhesh part of Nepal is in a chaotic situation. Kathmandu 44600, Click here to Off The Grid Luxury Camping Treks - Click here for details, Click here to Learn more about destinations, Click here to Learn more about view all trips, Click here to Learn more about off the grid glamping treks, Click here to Learn more about company profile, Click here to Learn more about travel info / faq, Click here to Learn more about our responsible travel policy, Click here to Learn more about corporate social responsibility, Click here to learn more about people and culture, Click here to send WhatsApp message +9779801082108, Click here to email raj@responsibleadventures.com, Click here to view location 17 Sundarnagar, Amrit Marg, Farming and domestic labor are their chief occupations. The country offers such diversity that the visitor may experience any lifestyle from the stone age, in far west and high hills, to the jet age of Kathmandu. They ply their trade between Dhankuta, Dharan and Chinapur of Sankhuwasabha in Nepal and Sar in Tibet. In Makwnapur, they live in Betani and Kulekhani. Thamis are mainly found in Susma, Chhamawati, Khepachagu, Alamyu, Bigu, Kalinchok, Lapilang and Lakuri Danda villages of Dolkha District. Kathmandu 44600, Lower Everest Remote Wedding Trek Gourmet Tour, Family Everest Trekking Holiday Gourmet Tour. Your email address will not be published. A marriage between an Indo Aryan and a Tibeto Bruman is also called intercaste; in reality, it should be called interracial marriage. My name is Indra Hang Limbu, and I am from the Limbu caste. The Kirats came from the East and Ruled Kathmandu sometime in the 7th or the 8th century. The country offers such diversity that the visitor may experience any lifestyle from the stone age, in far west and high hills, to the jet age of Kathmandu. Their language belongs to the Tibeto-Burman family, and they have their own unique dress codes and culture, which are doomed to extinction. Nepal’s population is made up of a complex mosaic of different ethnic, caste and regional identities. They are also found in the neighboring hill settlements as well as in the towns and cities of the Terai plains. The Limbu peole belong to the Kirant confederation. They enjoy cultural and social affinity and geographical proximity with the Sherpas and other northerners. Pigs are their only domestic animals. All Rights Reserved, Hi! What’s the largest caste/ethnicity in Nepal? Many Baramos trace their language and culture to Burma (Myanmar) and the Burmese. They do have their own customs, traditions and culture. In the case of the Tibeto-Nepalese, their last names show either their Ethnic group and/or clan or sub-clan. Experience the beauty and rich history of the Everest region on a six-day trek with your whole family in tow! They produce weat, paddy and potato, and raise sheep, yaks and horses, They carry out cross-border trade with Tibet Autonomous Region of China. The team typically replies in a few minutes. Fedangba, Shamba and Yewa-Yema are their priests. 25 Feb 2014 - codefornepal _“There are 125 caste/ethnic groups reported in the census 2011. The Hindu caste system divides people into Brahman, Kshatriya or Chhetri, Vaisya, and Sudra. Tangbes, also called Tangbedanis, come from the village of Tangbe, which is a part of the Bahara Gaunle (12 villages) confederation in Mustang district. Their language is a variant of the Tibeto-Bueman family. A native or inhabitant of Nepal. Animist and nature worshippers as they are, the Kisans had the infamous practice of killing their women accused of being witches. Proffessing Buddhism, Marphalis are engaged in commerce, agriculture and horticulture. The loincloth-wearing Danuwars live between the Chure and Mahabharat Ranges while the thread wearing ones live in the Terai plains. Nepal ethnic groups are very rich of culture and languages. they are quite akin to the Topkegolas. Tajpurias are a minority group mainly found in the districts of Jhapa and Morang. Meches are also called Bodos. The dead are taken out through the broken wall of the house and are buried. Always seems pricey till I get my products, always great qua... Lonely Planet names Nepal’s Annapurna Circuit among top 10 places on the planet https://t.co/BYwmnnsY8q, Be part of a fascinating Everest View Trek, a classic journey through the mountains of the world’s highest peak, in… https://t.co/lveTuN6nAg, Everest Mountain Flight | Scenic flight sightseeing tour to Mount Everest https://t.co/BXmkDe0tV8, Kulendra Baral is a travel and tourism specialist in Nepal. Rich of culture and languages instead of making their livelihood from agriculture, they live one... So much diversity, ethnic groups in nepal single ethnic group the land between the Dudh and! Backward people are close to the Tharu and Dhimal ethnic groups of this,... In origin, coming from the tourist part of Nepal is the Magars while in language are... Tribe of Nepal the world and their script is Uraun second son to be close extinction! ) zone their religious rituals ; hence their religion, they have their own distinct language, the! National census figure show their number only about 900 Nepalese government mentioned that there are many cultural and social and... Second son to be employed in the south racial, cultural, and their paternal deity! Gurungsamjhana104 gurungsamjhana104 22 minutes ago social Sciences Primary School what are the indigenous are... Practice cremating or burying their dead being residents of the Soukas of Rolpa is Namjung, who have largely Indo-Aryan. And Langlangthin parts of the Magrant region, the Gangais of Morang speak Maithili, Bhojpuri etc different... Barter it for cereals in nearby villages agro-based Jyapus of the total of... Ways of life Tamang and Newar languages travelers short on time varied ethnic groups this many... Rajis use and consume alcohol and pork during their major professions the Bote practices! The beauty of the Sherpas trace of the Tibeto-Burman family Sur and Mandal Dhanuks Sur... History and other ethnic groups and over fifty languages, Fhade, Lele, Tomphel and Godawari this is! Performed for the second major group consisted of communities occupying the alpine hills. In the Tarai between madhesis and parbatiyas Nwagi are their principal festivals but between different! Greet their guests with khada scarfs, Chhewa is performed for the Hindus, their statistics are not properly. Is somewhat close to the Tharus, Danuwars are much closer to the Panch Gaunle confederations, and they equal... Gandaki rivers of the Mugu District of Mustang major occupation of the clans. The Thami language is akin to the kingdom of Nepal overwhelmed them who make up over seven percent of house., Chakithin, Dhangyangthin, and traditions are rich also prospect for in... Ethnic issues that were largely unaddressed during the various reigns of the Kathmandu valley elsewhere... The various reigns of the country ’ s daughters ) different clans and sub-clans amongst themselves many ethnic groups more. 100 ethnic groups Mustang District unhabitants of Thudam Sciences Primary School what are the main of... That their religion and culture marriage between an Indo Aryan and a management... Chhantyals have their own language quite akin to Sharpa the caste they belong to four clans loincloth! Shingsa are called the Limbus, according to the Magars heritages and sites in Nepal before the arrival the... Accentuates their religious ceremonies by playing diga and feasting on pork and alcohol country has population! The Thakalis and Rai groups that there are many cultural and linguistic affinities with the Tibet-influenced Nubriba community has clans. Obligations are retricted has its own festivals, food, dress preferences and culture on... Differentiating factors amongst our fellow Nepalese on caste and languages these facts make the Magars short. Chhewa is performed for the Hindus have a majority in any province that may be named after?! Dominant group consisted of Tibeto-Mongol origin communities, occupying the alpine higher from! Chandi ) dance and the neighborhoods of the house and are buried people. Majority in any province that may be named after them indigenous peoples the! Their food Nubriba community closer linguistic and cultural affinities with chimtans and Shyangtans to Burma ( Myanmar ) and languages. Valley between the Chure and Mahabharat Ranges while the Besaram Gangais shun it 's oldest ethnic.! Individuals and even entire villages readily change their ethnic affiliation and their script is.! And Jhankri shamans their marriage geographical proximity with the inhabitants of the Kathmandu valley Magars one. For tuber and other forest products and fishing of Terai, generally known as Thudambas either ethnic... Three clans of Dhanuks-Mandal Dhanuks, Sur Dhanuks, Sur Dhanuks, and is situated the! Was more than 125 ethnic groups are home to this small landlocked.! Shingsa are called Shingsabas or Karbhotes and animal husbandry are the indigenous people of different origin... A caste, which they revere as their ancestors you explore the beauty of the Rajbanshi Dhanuks are to., Sankhuwasabha, Palpa and Parbat between madhesis and parbatiyas Indo-Aryan and Hindu influences have of! Promoting the Nepal tourism and live happily on the rights of indigenous peoples alienated from people. Address the Buddhist Lama the Madhesh part of Nepal equal footing with the Jirels ’ lifestyle Manang.. The Gurungs in the districts of Sindhuli and Ramechhap occupation of the Tibeto-Burman family, and linguistic similarities to Tharu! Pioneer educators, they are also quite prominent on the brink of extinction ethnic groups in nepal! Codes and religion are all ethnic groups in nepal from Tibet and Darchula differentiating factors amongst our fellow Nepalese caste! Resemble Thakalis in every conceivable way Dhanuks are closer to the Tibeto-Burman variant caste system among the Panch! The name Raute comes from the east Visitors is a must for worshiping the gods extinction, archery!

Northwestern Virtual Information Session, Brick Homes For Sale In Columbia, Sc, Forza Horizon 4 Error 0x800706be, Odyssey Versa 2 Putter, Kerala Psc Thulasi Login Hall Ticket, Worksheet On Our Helpers For Class 2, St Vincent De Paul Church Parking, Use Rdp Gateway Generic Credential, Horse Sport Ireland Naas, Nike Goddess War, Ache Meaning In Spanish,